Preparing Japanese students’ digital literacy for study abroad: How much CALL training is needed?
Study abroad programs provide an excellent opportunity for students to accelerate their language learning and acquire cultural capital (Byram & Feng, 2006). Research into returnees from a variety of study abroad programs, however, has revealed that this is not always the case (e.g., Kinginger, 2011; Sato & Hodge, 2015; Yoshimitsu, 2009). To promote a more positive academic and culturally-inclusive study abroad experience, one recommendation is for language teachers to focus on students’ digital literacy (Kinginger, 2011). Given the reported poor levels of digital literacy among Japanese freshman students (see Lockley 2011; Murray & Blyth, 2011), the researchers in this current study were attempting to determine if this wider trend also applied to students at their private university in Tokyo. The authors surveyed first-year College of Tourism and Hospitality (CTH) students preparing for a year-long study abroad program. This paper will report on student responses to two sections of a computer literacy questionnaire created by Son, Robb and Charismadjiri (2011). The first section considers students responses to the digital self-assessment items, and in the second section, student results in a 10-item digital skills knowledge test will be reported on.
Brine, J., Kaneko, E., Heo, Y., Vazhenin, A., & Bateson, G. (2015). Language learning beyond Japanese classrooms: Video interviewing for study abroad. In F. Helm, L. Bradley, M. Guarda, & S.Thouësny (Eds), Critical CALL – Proceedings of the 2015 EUROCALL Conference, Padova, Italy (pp. 91-96). Dublin: Research-publishing.net. http://dx.doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2015.000315
Byram, M., & Feng, A. (2006). Living and studying abroad: Research and practice. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Corbel, C., & Gruba, P. (2004). Teaching computer literacy. National Center for English language teaching and Research Macquarie University, Sydney.
English, B. J. (2012). Preparing Japanese university students for study abroad. Global Studies Bulletin, 4, 11-27.
Gobel, P., & Kano, M. (2014). Mobile natives, Japanese University Students’ Use of Digital Technology. In J. B. Son (Ed.), Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Learners, Teachers and Tools (pp. 21-46). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Goodwin-Jones, B. (2000). Emerging technologies: Literacies and technology tools/trends. Language Learning and Technology, 4(2), 11-18. Retrieved from http://llt.msu.edu/vol4num2/emerging/
Jarman-Walsh, J. (2015). Preparing students for study abroad programs: Tasks, skill-building and self-reflection. 安田女子大学紀要, 44, 213-222.
Kinginger, C. (2011). Enhancing language learning study abroad. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 31, 58-73. Retrieved from http://goo.gl/48lAe9
Lockley, T. (2011). Japanese students’ experience of ICT and other technology prior to university: A survey. The JALT CALL Journal, 7(1), 93-102.
Lockley, T., & Promnitz-Hayashi, L. (2012). Japanese university students’ CALL attitudes, aspirations, motivations. CALL-EJ, 13(1), 1-16.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. (2011). The Vision for ICT in Education: Toward the Creation of a Learning System and Schools Suitable for the 21st Century. Retrieved from http://goo.gl/KfoH0I
Murray, A., & Blyth, A. (2011). A survey of Japanese university students’ computer literacy levels. The JALT CALL Journal, 7(3), 307-318.
OECD. (2015), Graph 2.5. Youth who lack basic ICT skills: Percentage of youth (16-29), 2012, in OECD Skills Outlook 2015, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Sato, T., & Hodge, S. (2015). Japanese exchange students’ academic and social struggles at an American University. Journal of International Students, 5(3), 208-227.
Son, J. B., Robb, T., & Charismiadji, I. (2011). Computer literacy and competency: A survey of Indonesian teachers of English as a foreign language. CALL-EJ, 12(1), 26-42.
US Department of Education. (1996). Getting America’s students ready for the 21st Century: Meeting the technology literacy challenge. A report to the nation on technology and education. Retrieved from: //oemmndcbldboiebfnladdacbdfmadadm/http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED398899.pdf
Yoshimitsu, K., (2009). Management of study difficulties by Japanese students. In J. Nekvapil & T. Sherman (Eds.), Language Management in Contact Situations (pp. 207-224). Berlin: Peter Lang.
Copyright (c) 2017 Travis J. Cote, Brett Milliner
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).